SCS Head Quarters

The SCS opted for a de-centralized organization. At the head office in Gannoruwa ,the central administration can be found. In close collaboration with the other divisions of the Department of the Agriculture, inspections regulations are issued for Sri Lanka as a whole. Actual inspection, drawing of samples, seed testing etc. are done through the regional officers and seed testing laboratories. Total number of SCS Staff is about 300.

Field Inspectorate Section

Field inspections are the basis of seed certification procedure. The registration of the seed growers, (Government Farm, Contract farmers and private growers alike), inspection of the standing crop, using the set seed rules and standards, supervision of post-harvest operationswith special attentions on quality control during machine processing and storage and representative sampling of seed lots for laboratory testing are the major responsibilities of the inspectors. For each region, housing, transport and office is made available. For these services a nominal fee will be charged.

After the seed lot has received the approval of the seed lab; it can be released. The SCS inspector or his assistant seal each and every seed container (e.g. gunny bag) and hang the official SCS label. Only bags which carry the SCS label and seal are guaranteed for the quality as mentioned in the seed rules.

Both labs carry out their tests according to ISTA (International Seed Testing Association) rules and regulations. Modern equipment is used and staff is trained abroad. A total of 24,000 Samples are tested per year.

Variety Section

This section of the SCS occupies itself mainly making an inventory and description of varieties of crops grown for seed in Sri Lanka. Their findings are published in the SCS handbook part 11 and include drawing of varieties and comparison tables with which the field inspectors can easily identify off-types in the field.
The main duties of this section are:
1. Breeder Seed Certification
2. DUS (Durability, Uniformity,Stability)Testing
3. Post control Testing

Above duties are enrolled of paddy, other field crops and vegetables.
Attended as resources persons for training and awareness programs and maintained the cold storage of the SCS are extra duties of this section.

The first seed health testing unit was established by the Seed Certification Service in March 2012 in Sri Lanka.

Perennial Crop Section
The SCS is certified grafted fruit plants belonging to the recommended varieties of department of agriculture.
This section occupies itself mainly
1. Registration of fruit plant nurseries.
2. selection and registration of mother plants
3. fruit plant labeling
4. Conducting awareness and training programs.

Data base Management and Progress Monitoring Unit

This section accounted for collecting, processing, evaluation and keeping of data from the 23 regional units, 4 seed testing laboratories and 4 post control units situated in all around the island.

Training Division
SCS continued conduct training programs to enhance the knowledge of officers and seed handlers on production of quality seed sand planting materials.

Training Pograms

 identification of varieties
 production of quality seed and planting materials
 controlling pest and diseases
 pruning and maintenance of mother plants
 awareness programs for import and export seed handlers
 seed testing
 awareness programs of implementation of seed act

Post Control Unit

After certification all accepted lots belonging to the registered seed class or of a higher generation are sampled for post control exercises. This sample is grown out on one of the SCS trial fields. During the growing season they are assessed and the information is passed on to the field inspectorate. The certified and standard seed lots are sampled and planted out on an at random base. The results are used for the internal checking of the SCS inspection and testing service.

Seed Health Testing Unit

About 90% of all food crops in the world are propagated by seeds. They are also passive carriers of plant pathogens such as fungi, bacteria, viruses, and nematodes.

Infested seed is a major source of primary inoculums, and an important source of short and long distance disease dissemination. Seed borne diseases carry over the infection across seasons and cause poor stand, high production cost, low germination and low vigor. The seed borne pathogen not only affect the market value of the produce but also adversely after the nutritive valve, storability and production of toxic substances which is toxic for human being and animals. Therefore healthy and pathogen free seeds are required for cultivation.

Dissemination of seed borne disease in the country can be prevented in two ways. Thereare use of disease free seeds and free treatments to elimination pathogens. It is important to have seed health testing program in the country for identification of disease free seeds for cultivation. seed health testing program also important to provide quality seeds for farmers, minimize the spread of the plant diseases in the county contributing towards increasing the amount of food available for consumption, improved livelihood of farmers, access for better export market a with phytosanitory Certificate ultimately it will stronger the national economy.